This PET scan is part of a scientific study that compared recovering addicts, who had stopped using cocaine, with people who had no history of cocaine use. The study hoped to determine what parts of the brain are activated when drugs are craved. For this study, brain scans were performed while subjects watched two videos. The first video, a nondrug presentation, showed nature images - mountains, rivers, animals, flowers, trees. The second video showed cocaine and drug paraphernalia, such as pipes, needles, matches, and other items familiar to addicts. For an addict, when a drug craving occurs, the amygdala becomes active and a craving for cocaine is triggered.
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Cocaine is a stimulant that produces effects of euphoria and alertness similar to caffeine. Call Now. Treatment Center Locator. Watch Jerry's Story. Learn What You Can Do. Cocaine is also referred to as coke, blow or powder. Although most people today recognize that cocaine is addictive, thousands are still drawn to it.
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Cocaine is a highly addictive drug that can heighten activity in the body, including heart rate, blood pressure, alertness, and energy. The most commonly used form of the drug is a white powder which is found in the leaves of the Erythroxylon Coca plant and has been used in South America for hundreds of years. It was first introduced in the United States in the s as a surgical anesthetic.
Cocaine is a white powder. It can be snorted up the nose or mixed with water and injected with a needle. Cocaine can also be made into small white rocks, called crack. Crack is smoked in a small glass pipe.